如何帮助孩子进行理解性阅读?

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如何帮助孩子进行理解性阅读?

今天,小简老师从英语作文的解题思路、方法和需要注意的问题为大家全方位揭秘满分中考英语作文的秘诀,更可贵的是,文章里包含了几乎你所需要的所有高级词汇和高级句型的分类,2016中考英语满分作文秘籍非它莫属啦!

一、作文解题思路

1 审:认真审题,找关键词

2 列:用简单的句子或短语全面列出文章要点

3 连:恰当运用关联词连接句子,使文章层次清晰

4 美: 美化文章,适当运用高级词汇和句型

二、作文方法点睛

1.运用高级词汇

①固定短语和固定搭配的使用

→我不知道如何扩大我的词汇量。

I don't know how to enlarge my vocabulary.

I have no idea how to enlarge my vocabulary.

→她非常喜欢音乐。

She likes music very much.

She is fond of music.

②恰当使用高级词语

However,a large amount of water has been wasted every day.

然而,每天都有大量的水被浪费。

Water is the fundamental to all living things.

水对于所有生物来说都是最基本的。

He teaches us to be selfless and try our best to help others.

他教育我们要无私、尽最大努力去帮助别人。

I usually help my parents clean the house, beautify the yard and cook.

我通常帮助我父母打扫房子、美化院子和做饭。

③ 巧用习语

The summer holiday isaround the corner.(即将来临)

This sentence doesn'tmake sense. (有意义,讲得通)

Iwas all at seawhen I began my new job. (茫然不知所措)

④ 高级过渡词汇

however 然而

therefore 因此

⑤表先后顺序的关联词(组)

first of all / at first / firstly 首先

in the end / finally / eventually / at last终于、最终、最后

last but not least 最后但也是很重要的

⑥ 表因果关系的关联词(组)

therefore 因此

as a result 结果

as a result of 因为

He worked hard at his study. As a result, he passed the exam easily.

他努力学习。结果轻易的就通过了考试。

⑦ 表述观点

As far as I’m concerned… 就...…而言

As we all know, …正如我们所了解的,...…

In my opinion … 依我之见,...…

⑧ 表归纳总结

all in all 总的来说/总而言之

in short / in a word 简而言之

in conclusion / in summery 总之、最后

⑨ 表转折关系的关联词(组)

after all 毕竟

though / even though 虽然, 尽管, 纵然, 即使

despite / in spite of不管、不顾、虽然、 尽管

however / but 然而、但是

⑩表并列关系的关联词(组)

as well as 和,除了

He has knowledge as well as experience.

他有知识和经验。

as well 也

Weshould stick totheprinciplesandbeflexibleaswell.

我们应该坚持原则,也要灵活。

both…and…两者都...…

表递进关系的关联词(组)

What’s more 另外、而且

in addition / additionally 另外、此外

for one thing… for another(thing)… 一方面...…另一方面…...

表举例的关联词(组)

for instance / for example 例如

such as… / like… 例如…、像......

as we all know 众所周之

in fact / as a matter of fact 事实上、实际

使用常用谚语

好的开端是成功的一半。

Well begun is half done.

善始善终。

A good beginning makes a good ending.

孰能生巧。

Practice makes perfect.

条条大路通罗马。

All roads lead to Rome.

2. 运用高级句型

①恰当运用英语中某些常见的惯用句型,可以使文章显得富有“洋味”:

It 作形式主语和宾语的句型:

too … to… 太......以至于不能......

so…that… 如此......以至于......

such …that …如此......以至于......

not only…but also… 不仅......而且......

neither…nor… 既不......也不......

such as… 例如......

not …until… 直到......才......

so that… 以至于......

either…or… 要么......要么......

②复合句的使用:宾语从句,定语从句,同位语从句,状语从句等。复合句可以把结构松散的句子连接起来,从而使表达显得高级。

宾语从句

Xiao Ming was always late for school. His teacher didn’t know why.

→ His teacher didn’t know why Xiao Ming was always late for school.

他的老师不知道小明上学总是迟到的原因。

定语从句

Mary is a girl in Class 1. She speaks English very fluently.

→ Mary is a girl in Class1, who speaks English very fluently.

玛丽是一班的一个女孩,她说英语非常流利。

状语从句

The doctor arrived there in time. The boy was saved. It was not too late.

→ The boy was saved because the doctor arrived there before it was too late.

这个男孩被救了,因为医生在还来得及之前到了那里。

③倒装句的使用:

She didn't have a rest until she finished the work.

Not until she finished the work did she have a rest.

知道完成工作她才休息。

Only when we keep our dream and confidence in mind , can we really fly one day.

只有我们记住我们的梦想和信心时,我们才能在某一天真的飞翔。

④强调句的使用:it is + 强调部分+that (who)…

It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a film star.

直到她摘下墨镜我才意识到她是一个电影明星。

It was you who gave me the confidence.

正是你给了我信心。

⑤丰富的句式变换:动名词,不定式及并列结构的使用。

We need to study in proper ways.

我们需要用正确的方式学习。

As we know, staying up late is bad for health.

正如我们知道的那样,熬夜对健康有害。

Reading is good for our mind.

读书对我们的心智有益。

三、作文中需要注意的问题

1.卷面整洁,字迹工整,尽量不涂改

2. 写完检查,避免语法错误

常见语法错误:名词单复数,介词缺失,句子结构混乱。

3. 时态一致

4. 用到全部提示词

5. 紧扣题目要求与内容

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